Interesting facts regarding Endometriosis
2 November 2016, Wednesday
- The exact prevalence of endometriosis is unknown but estimates range from 2 to 10% within the general female population but up to 50% in infertile women (Eskenazi and Warner, 1997, Meuleman, et al., 2000
- Several studies have reported large diagnostic delays in endometriosis. Recent studies report, specifically for Europe, an overall diagnostic delay of 10.4 years in Germany and Austria (Hudelist, et al., 2012), 8 years in the UK and Spain (Ballard, et al., 2006, Nnoaham, et al., 2011), 6.7 years in Norway (Ballard, et al., 2006), 7–10 years in Italy and 4–5 years in Ireland and Belgium (Nnoaham, et al., 2011
- Women today have many more periods in their lifetime than their ancestors. ( +/- 450 VS 150 periods). This may contribute to the increasing prevalence of endometriosis.
- Women will experience some menstrual pain however it is considered abnormal when excessive and/or prolonged inflammation triggers systemic symptoms such as pelvic pain, headache, mood disorders and gastrointestinal discomfort in vulnerable women
- Oral contraceptives inhibit ovulation and thus may decrease this inflammatory period. There is growing evidence that shortening the hormone free interval of the contraceptive pill (i.e. from the traditional 7 day to 4 or 2 days) may decrease the symptoms.